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CentOS 6.5编译安装LAMP分离环境的搭建

CentOS中文网 https://www.centos.net.cn 2015-07-11 00:01 出处:网络 编辑:@iCMS
LAMP分离环境的搭建: 环境说明: CentOS6.5最小化安装,安装相应的组件: [root@http~]#yumgroupinstall-y"Developmenttools"

LAMP分离环境的搭建:

环境说明:

CentOS 6.5最小化安装,安装相应的组件:

[root@http ~]# yum groupinstall -y"Development tools"

[root@mysql ~]# yum groupinstall -y"Server Platform Development"

准备三台主机:

http: 192.168.1.217

MySQL:192.168.1.218

PHP:192.168.1.1.219

准备的软件包:

[root@rh5 ap]# ll

total 92228

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root826885 May 22 13:09 apr-1.5.2.tar.bz2

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root694427 May 22 13:09 apr-util-1.5.4.tar.bz2

-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 5691656 Jul9 00:55 cmake-2.8.8.tar.gz

-rwxr--r-- 1 nobody nobody 12490656 Apr 1717:59 Discuz_X3.2_SC_UTF8.zip

-rwxr--r-- 1 nobody nobody 5054838 May 21 17:20 httpd-2.4.12.tar.bz2

-rwxr--r-- 1 nobody nobody 634589 May 22 13:09 libmcrypt-2.5.6.tar.gz

-rwxr--r-- 1 nobody nobody 24680463 Jun 1416:14 mysql-5.5.33.tar.gz

-rwxr--r-- 1 nobody nobody 13724681 May 2117:41 php-5.6.8.tar.bz2

-rwxr--r-- 1 nobody nobody 9955372 May 21 17:58phpMyAdmin-4.4.4-all-languages.zip

-rwxr--r-- 1 nobody nobody 166123 Apr 21 15:37 xcache-3.0.1.tar.gz

[root@rh5 ap]#

一、在192.168.1.217主机上安装httpd-2.4.12

从samba共享中下载相应的软件:

[root@http ~]#yum -y install samba-client

[root@http ~]#smbclient //192.168.1.155/public

smb: >ls

smb: >cd ap

smb: ap>ls

smb: ap>get apr-1.5.2.tar.bz2

getting file apapr-1.5.2.tar.bz2 of size 826885as apr-1.5.2.tar.bz2 (4835.4 KiloBytes/sec) (average 4835.4 KiloBytes/sec)

smb: ap>get apr-util-1.5.4.tar.bz2

getting file apapr-util-1.5.4.tar.bz2 ofsize 694427 as apr-util-1.5.4.tar.bz2 (9042.0 KiloBytes/sec) (average 6139.1KiloBytes/sec)

smb: ap>

1、在安装httpd之前需要先安装apr、apr-util以及pcre-devel等相关包。在编译安装httpd之前需要Development Tools开发工具集。具体步骤如下:

(1)安装apr

[root@http bao]#tar -xf apr-1.5.2.tar.bz2

[root@http bao]#cd apr-1.5.2

[root@http apr-1.5.2]#./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apr

[root@http apr-1.5.2]#make

[root@http apr-1.5.2]#make install

(2)安装apr-util

[root@http bao]#tar xf apr-util-1.5.4.tar.bz2

[root@http bao]#cd apr-util-1.5.4

[root@http apr-util-1.5.4]#./configure--prefix=/usr/local/apr-util --with-apr=/usr/local/apr/

[root@http apr-util-1.5.4]#make

[root@http apr-util-1.5.4]#make install

(3)安装pcre-devel

[root@http ~]#yum install -y pcre-devel

(4)安装httpd

[root@http bao]#tar xf httpd-2.4.12.tar.bz2

[root@http bao]#cd httpd-2.4.12

[root@http httpd-2.4.12]#./configure--prefix=/usr/local/apache --sysconfdir=/etc/httpd --enable-so --enable-ssl--enable-cgi --enable-rewrite --with-zlib --with-pcre --with-apr=/usr/local/apr--with-apr-util=/usr/local/apr-util --enable-modules=most--enable-mpms-shared=all --with-mpm=event --with-included-apr -enable-proxy-enable-proxy-fcgi

说明:

--prefix=/usr/local/apache:安装指定路径。

--sysconfdir=/etc/httpd:指定配置文件安装路径。

--enable-so:支持动态共享模块,如果没有此功能,php无法与apache一起工作,必须安。

--enable-ssl:启用ssl功能,不安装无法启用https。

--enable-rewrite:支持url重写。

--enable-cgi:支持cgi。

在执行configure脚本时,使用–enable-mpms-shared选项即可启用动态构建MPM模块。当给出的参数为all时,所有此平台支持的MPM模块都会被安装。

……………………………………..

configure:

configure: error: Bundled APR requested butnot found at ./srclib/. Download and unpack the corresponding apr and apr-utilpackages to ./srclib/.

[root@http httpd-2.4.12]#

错误信息,解决:

[root@http bao]#mv apr-1.5.2 apr

[root@http bao]#mv apr-util-1.5.4 apr-util

[root@http bao]#cp -r apr apr-util httpd-2.4.12/srclib/

[root@http bao]#

在编译安装:

[root@http httpd-2.4.12]#./configure--prefix=/usr/local/apache --sysconfdir=/etc/httpd --enable-so --enable-ssl--enable-cgi --enable-rewrite --with-zlib --with-pcre --with-apr=/usr/local/apr--with-apr-util=/usr/local/apr-util --enable-modules=most--enable-mpms-shared=all --with-mpm=event --with-included-apr -enable-proxy-enable-proxy-fcgi

[root@http httpd-2.4.12]#make

[root@http httpd-2.4.12]#make install

2、启动服务进行简单测试

[root@http ~]#setenforce 0

[root@http ~]#service iptables stop

iptables: Setting chains to policy ACCEPT:filter [ OK ]

iptables: Flushing firewall rules: [ OK ]

iptables: Unloading modules: [ OK ]

[root@http ~]#/usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl start

失败,日志:

[root@http logs]#cat error_log

[Wed Jul 08 22:38:15.155125 2015][proxy_balancer:emerg] [pid 45344:tid 139946921051904] AH01177: Failed tolookup provider 'shm' for 'slotmem': is mod_slotmem_shm loaded??

[Wed Jul 08 22:38:15.155262 2015] [:emerg][pid 45344:tid 139946921051904] AH00020: Configuration Failed, exiting

[Wed Jul 08 22:39:07.108730 2015][proxy_balancer:emerg] [pid 45348:tid 139707455522560] AH01177: Failed tolookup provider 'shm' for 'slotmem': is mod_slotmem_shm loaded??

[Wed Jul 08 22:39:07.108852 2015] [:emerg][pid 45348:tid 139707455522560] AH00020: Configuration Failed, exiting

[root@http logs]#

原因:

配置文件conf/httpd.conf没有开启mod_slotmem_shm模块,编辑该文件,放开

LoadModule slotmem_shm_modulemodules/mod_slotmem_shm.so

[root@http logs]#vim /etc/httpd/httpd.conf

128 LoadModule slotmem_shm_modulemodules/mod_slotmem_shm.so

[root@http ~]#/usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl start

[root@http ~]#netstat -lntp

Active Internet connections (only servers)

Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address Foreign Address StatePID/Program name

tcp0 0 0.0.0.0:22 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 1673/sshd

tcp0 0 127.0.0.1:25 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN1026/master

tcp0 0 :::80 :::* LISTEN 45379/httpd

tcp0 0 :::22 :::* LISTEN 1673/sshd

tcp0 0 ::1:25 :::*LISTEN 1026/master

[root@http ~]#

浏览器访问:

192.168.1.217

It works!

3、为了更好的管理和使用httpd服务,可为其提供PATH环境变量和SysV风格的脚本。

(1)提供PATH环境变量:

[root@http ~]#vim /etc/profile.d/httpd.sh

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/apache/bin

"/etc/profile.d/httpd.sh" [New]1L, 40C written

[root@http ~]#. /etc/profile.d/httpd.sh

[root@http ~]#echo $PATH

/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/root/bin:/usr/local/apache/bin

[root@http ~]#

(2)提供SysV风格的启动脚本:

[root@http ~]#vim /etc/init.d/httpd

#!/bin/bash

#

# chkconfig: - 85 15

# description: Apache is a World Wide Webserver. It is used to serve

. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

if [ -f /etc/sysconfig/httpd ]; then

./etc/sysconfig/httpd

fi

# Start httpd in the C locale by default.

HTTPD_LANG=${HTTPD_LANG-"C"}

# This will prevent initlog from swallowingup a pass-phrase prompt if

# mod_ssl needs a pass-phrase from theuser.

INITLOG_ARGS=""

# Set HTTPD=/usr/sbin/httpd.worker in/etc/sysconfig/httpd to use a server

# with the thread-based "worker"MPM; BE WARNED that some modules mays not

# work correctly with a thread-based MPM;notably PHP will refuse to start.

# Path to the apachectl script, serverbinary, and short-form for messages.

apachectl=/usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl

httpd=${HTTPD-/usr/local/apache/bin/httpd}

prog=httpd

pidfile=${PIDFILE-/var/run/httpd.pid}

lockfile=${LOCKFILE-/var/lock/subsys/httpd}

RETVAL=0

start() {

echo -n $"Starting $prog: "

LANG=$HTTPD_LANG daemon --pidfile=${pidfile} $httpd $OPTIONS

RETVAL=$?

echo

[ $RETVAL = 0 ] && touch ${lockfile}

return $RETVAL

}

stop() {

echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "

killproc -p ${pidfile} -d 10 $httpd

RETVAL=$?

echo

[ $RETVAL = 0 ] && rm -f ${lockfile} ${pidfile}

}

reload() {

echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "

if! LANG=$HTTPD_LANG $httpd $OPTIONS -t &> /dev/null; then

RETVAL=$?

echo $"not reloading due to configuration sysntax error"

else

killproc -p ${pidfile} $httpd -HUP

RETVAL=$?

fi

echo

}

# See how we were called.

case "$1" in

start)

start

;;

stop)

stop

;;

status)

status -p ${pidfile} $httpd

RETVAL=$?

;;

restart)

stop

start

;;

condrestart)

if [ -f ${pidfile} ]; then

stop

start

fi

;;

reload)

reload

;;

graceful|htlp|configtest|fullstatus)

$apachectl $@

RETVAL=$?

;;

*)

echo "Usage: $prog {start|stop|restart|reload|status|help}"

exit 1

;;

esac

exit $RETVAL

"/etc/rc.d/init.d/httpd" [New]85L, 2084C written

[root@http ~]#chmod +x /etc/init.d/httpd

[root@http ~]#service httpd status

httpd is stopped

[root@http ~]#service httpd start

Starting httpd: httpd (pid 45379) alreadyrunning

[ OK ]

[root@http ~]#

[root@http ~]#chkconfig --add httpd

[root@http ~]#chkconfig | grep httpd

httpd 0:off 1:off2:off 3:off 4:off5:off 6:off

[root@http ~]#chkconfig httpd on

[root@http ~]#chkconfig | grep httpd

httpd 0:off 1:off2:on 3:on 4:on5:on 6:off

[root@http ~]#

4、更换pid进程文件存放目录:

每个进程启动后都会有个pid文件,编译安装httpd的pid文件在logs目录里面:

[root@http logs]#pwd

/usr/local/apache/logs

[root@http logs]#ll

total 12

-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 3527 Jul 8 22:53 access_log

-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 999 Jul8 22:48 error_log

-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 6 Jul8 22:48 httpd.pid

[root@http logs]#

系统进程一般pid文件都放在/var/run目录下,如果想更换pid进程文件存放目录,需要在主配置文件中加入PidFile "/var/run/httpd.pid"项,注意:编译安装默认没有该项,需要手工加入:

[root@http logs]#vim /etc/httpd/httpd.conf

34 pidfile "/var/run/httpd.pid"

[root@http logs]#netstat -lntp

Active Internet connections (only servers)

Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address Foreign Address StatePID/Program name

tcp0 0 :::80 :::* LISTEN 45379/httpd

[root@http logs]#kill 45379

[root@http logs]#service httpd start

Starting httpd:[ OK ]

[root@http logs]#cd /var/run/

[root@http run]#ll

-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 6 Jul8 23:04 httpd.pid

[root@http run]#

5、为httpd添加man帮助及输出头文件:

(1)为httpd添加man帮助:

[root@http ~]#yum install -y man pages(最小化安装系统如果没有man手册需要安装)

[root@http ~]#vim /etc/man.config

48 MANPATH /usr/local/apache/man

[root@http ~]#man httpd

(2)输出头文件:

[root@http ~]#ln -sv /usr/local/apache/include//usr/include/httpd

`/usr/include/httpd' ->`/usr/local/apache/include/'

[root@http ~]#

至此,httpd服务安装成功。

二、编译安装MySQL

1、创建mysql用户和mysql

要想初始化mysql,需要有mysql用户和组。

[root@mysql ~]#groupadd -r -g 306 mysql

[root@mysql ~]#useradd -g 306 -r -u 306 mysql

[root@mysql ~]#id mysql

uid=306(mysql) gid=306(mysql)groups=306(mysql)

[root@mysql ~]#

2、创建mysql数据存放目录

这里练习就在根目录下创建了。

[root@mysql ~]#mkdir /mydata/data -pv

mkdir: created directory `/mydata'

mkdir: created directory `/mydata/data'

[root@mysql ~]#ll -d /mydata/ /mydata/data/

drwxr-xr-x. 3 root root 4096 Jul 9 00:45 /mydata/

drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 4096 Jul 9 00:45 /mydata/data/

[root@mysql ~]#

3、mysql数据目录需要把属主属组更改为mysql,权限更改为0-rwx

[root@mysql mydata]#pwd

/mydata

[root@mysql mydata]#ll

total 4

drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 4096 Jul 9 00:45 data

[root@mysql mydata]#chown -R mysql:mysql data/

[root@mysql mydata]#chmod o-rwx data/

[root@mysql mydata]#ll

total 4

drwxr-x---. 2 mysql mysql 4096 Jul 9 00:45 data

[root@mysql mydata]#

4、安装cmake编译工具

cmake的重要特性之一是其独立于源码(out-of-source)的编译功能,即编译工作可以在另一个指定的目录中而非源码目录中进行,这可以保证源码目录不受任何一次编译的影响,因此在同一个源码树上可以进行多次不同的编译,如针对于不同平台编译。

[root@mysql bao]# ll

total 49548

-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 5691656 Jul9 00:55 cmake-2.8.8.tar.gz

[root@mysql bao]#

[root@mysql bao]#tar xf cmake-2.8.8.tar.gz

[root@mysql bao]#cd cmake-2.8.8

[root@mysql cmake-2.8.8]#./configure

[root@mysql cmake-2.8.8]#make

[root@mysql cmake-2.8.8]#make install

5、使用cmake编译mysql-5.5

cmake指定编译选项的方式不同于make,其实现方式对比如下:

./configure等于cmake .

./configure –help等同于cmake .-LH or ccmake .

[root@mysql bao]#tar xf mysql-5.5.33.tar.gz

[root@mysql bao]#cd mysql-5.5.33

[root@mysql mysql-5.5.33]#cmake .-DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/mydata/data-DSYSCONFDIR=/etc -DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1-DWITH_ARCHIVE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_BLACKHOLE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1-DWITH_READLINE=1 -DWITH_SSL=system -DWITH_ZLIB=system -DWITH_LIBWRAP=0-DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/tmp/mysql.sock -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci

[root@mysql mysql-5.5.33]#make

[root@mysql mysql-5.5.33]#make install

说明:

[root@msql mysql-5.5.28]#

cmake .

-DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql (安装路径)

-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/mydata/data (数据目录存放位置)

-DSYSCONFDIR=/etc (配置文件目录)

-DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 (是否包含INNOBASE存储引擎)

-DWITH_ARCHIVE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 (是否包含ARCHIVE存储引擎)

-DWITH_BLACKHOLE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 (是否包含BLACKHOLE存储引擎,黑洞)

-DWITH_READLINE=1 (使用捆绑的readline,批量导入数据)

-DWITH_SSL=system (启用ssl功能)

-DWITH_ZLIB=system (启用zlib压缩功能)

-DWITH_LIBWRAP=0 (不支持libwrap(TCP包装))

-DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/tmp/mysql.sock (套接字路径)

-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 (字符集为utf8)

-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci (字符集排序为utf8_general_ci)

编译选项说明:

指定安装文件的安装路径时常用的选项:

-DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql (安装路径)

-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/mysql (数据文件路径,不指定默认为安装路径下data目录下)

-DSYSCONFDIR=/etc (配置文件路径)

默认编译的存储引擎包括:csv、myisam、myisammrg和heap。若要安装其它存储引擎,可以使用类似如下编译选项:

-DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 (安装INNOBASE存储引擎,就是InnoDB)

-DWITH_ARCHIVE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 (安装archive存储引擎)

-DWITH_BLACKHOLE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 (黑洞存储引擎,类似/dev/null)

-DWITH_FEDERATED_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 (5.5不支持,联合存储引擎)

若要明确指定不编译某存储引擎,可以使用类似如下的选项:

-DWITHOUT_<ENGINE>_STORAGE_ENGINE=1

比如:

-DWITHOUT_EXAMPLE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 (不编译EXAMPLE引擎)

-DWITHOUT_FEDERATED_STORAGE_ENGINE=1

-DWITHOUT_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE=1

如若要编译进其它功能,如SSL等,则可使用类似如下选项来实现编译时使用某库或不使用某库:

-DWITH_READLINE=1 (使用捆绑的readline,批量导入数据)

-DWITH_SSL=system (是否支持SSL)

-DWITH_ZLIB=system (是否支持Zlib,压缩库)

-DWITH_LIBWRAP=0 (是否包括支持libwrap(TCP包装),不使用)

其它常用的选项:

-DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=3306 (TCP/IP端口号)

-DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/tmp/mysql.sock (Unix Socket套接字文件)

-DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 (是否启用本地录入文件)

-DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all (额外的字符集,各种字符)

-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 (指定MYSQL默认字符集)

-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci (默认排序字符集规则)

-DWITH_DEBUG=0 (是否包括调试支持)

-DENABLE_PROFILING=1 (是否启用代码查询分析,性能分析)

什么是字符集:

字符(Character)是各种文字和符号的总称,包括各国家文字、标点符号、图形符号、数字等。字符集(Character set)是多个字符的集合,字符集种类较多,每个字符集包含的字符个数不同,常见字符集名称:ASCII字符集、GB2312字符集、BIG5字符集、GB18030字符集、Unicode字符集等。计算机要准确的处理各种字符集文字,需要进行字符编码,以便计算机能够识别和存储各种文字。

汉字字符集:GBK,GB2312,GB18030,UTF8。

如果想清理此前的编译所生成的文件,则需要使用如下命令:

make clean

rm CMakeCache.txt

6、安装完后会在指定安装路径/usr/local目录下有个mysql目录,接下来步骤就和二进制安装方法相同,更改mysql目录下文件的属组为mysql

[root@mysql mysql]#chown -R :mysql /usr/local/mysql/

[root@mysql mysql]#ll

total 200

drwxr-xr-x.2 root mysql 4096 Jul 9 01:12 bin

-rw-r--r--.1 root mysql 17987 Jul 15 2013 COPYING

drwxr-xr-x.3 root mysql 4096 Jul 9 01:11 data

drwxr-xr-x.2 root mysql 4096 Jul 9 01:11 docs

drwxr-xr-x.3 root mysql 4096 Jul 9 01:11 include

-rw-r--r--.1 root mysql 134493 Jul 15 2013INSTALL-BINARY

drwxr-xr-x.3 root mysql 4096 Jul 9 01:11 lib

drwxr-xr-x.4 root mysql 4096 Jul 9 01:12 man

drwxr-xr-x. 10 root mysql 4096 Jul9 01:11 mysql-test

-rw-r--r--.1 root mysql 2496 Jul 15 2013 README

drwxr-xr-x.2 root mysql 4096 Jul 9 01:12 scripts

drwxr-xr-x. 27 root mysql 4096 Jul9 01:12 share

drwxr-xr-x.4 root mysql 4096 Jul 9 01:12 sql-bench

drwxr-xr-x.3 root mysql 4096 Jul 9 01:12 support-files

[root@mysql mysql]#

7、手动完成mysql数据库初始化:

[root@mysql mysql]#pwd

/usr/local/mysql

[root@mysql mysql]#scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --datadir=/mydata/data/

8、提供mysql主配置文件,把实例文件复制替换到/etc目录下为my.cnf文件:

[root@mysql mysql]#cp support-files/my-large.cnf /etc/my.cnf

cp: overwrite `/etc/my.cnf'?y

[root@mysql mysql]#ll /etc/my.cnf

-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 4647 Jul 9 01:18 /etc/my.cnf

[root@mysql mysql]#

9、在配置文件中/etc/my.cnf指定数据文件位置:

[root@mysql mysql]#vim /etc/my.cnf

38 datadir=/mydata/data

"/etc/my.cnf" 147L, 4668Cwritten

[root@mysql mysql]#

10、复制mysql服务脚本到init.d目录下:

[root@mysql mysql]#cp support-files/mysql.server/etc/init.d/mysqld

[root@mysql mysql]#ll -d /etc/init.d/mysqld

-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 10871 Jul 9 01:21 /etc/init.d/mysqld

[root@mysql mysql]#chkconfig --add mysqld

[root@mysql mysql]#chkconfig mysqld on

[root@mysql mysql]#

11、启动mysql服务:

[root@mysql ~]#service mysqld start

Starting MySQL.. SUCCESS!

[root@mysql ~]#netstat -lntp

Active Internet connections (only servers)

Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address Foreign Address StatePID/Program name

tcp0 0 0.0.0.0:3306 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 21145/mysqld

[root@mysql ~]#

12、把mysql的bin下命令添加到PATH路径中去,让系统可以直接使用mysql的相关命令:

[root@mysql ~]#vim /etc/profile.d/mysql.sh

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin

"/etc/profile.d/mysql.sh" [New]1L, 39C written

[root@mysql ~]#. /etc/profile.d/mysql.sh

[root@mysql ~]#echo $PATH

/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/root/bin:/usr/local/mysql/bin

[root@mysql ~]#

13、登陆mysql测试连接:

[root@mysql ~]#mysql

……………………………

mysql>

14、修改MySQL的root用户的密码以及打开远程连接:

mysql>use mysql;

Database changed

mysql>desc user;

mysql>GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TOroot@"%" IDENTIFIED BY "123456";

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql>update user set Password = password('123456')where User='root';

Query OK, 4 rows affected (0.00 sec)

Rows matched: 5 Changed: 4Warnings: 0

mysql>flush privileges;

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql>

15、为mysql添加man帮助及输出头文件和库文件

[root@mysql ~]#yum install -y man pages

[root@mysql ~]#vim /etc/man.config

48 MANPATH /usr/local/mysql/man

[root@mysql ~]#ln -sv /usr/local/mysql/include//usr/include/mysql

`/usr/include/mysql' ->`/usr/local/mysql/include/'

[root@mysql ~]#vim /etc/ld.so.conf.d/mysql.conf

/usr/local/mysql/lib

"/etc/ld.so.conf.d/mysql.conf"[New] 1L, 21C written

[root@mysql ~]#

至此,mysql安装完毕

三、安装PHP

php以php-fpm服务的形式运行,单独调度。如果分开部署可以大大减轻httpd服务器的压力。缺点网络通信不畅的情况下,带宽有可能成为瓶颈。

1、解压并编译安装php-5.6.8

[root@php bao]#ll

total 14024

-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 634589 Jul9 01:40 libmcrypt-2.5.6.tar.gz

-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 13724681 Jul 9 01:39 php-5.6.8.tar.bz2

[root@php bao]#

[root@php bao]#tar xf php-5.6.8.tar.bz2

[root@php bao]#cd php-5.6.8

[root@php php-5.6.8]#./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php--with-mysql=mysqlnd --with-openssl --with-mysqli=mysqlnd --enable-mbstring--with-freetype-dir --with-jpeg-dir --with-png-dir --with-zlib --with-libxml-dir=/usr--enable-xml --with-mcrypt --with-config-file-path=/etc--with-config-file-scan-dir=/etc/php.d --with-bz2 --enable-maintainer-zts-enable-fpm -with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd -with-freetype-dir

错误:

checking for xml2-config path...

configure: error: xml2-config not found.Please check your libxml2 installation.

[root@php php-5.6.8]#

[root@php php-5.6.8]#yum install libxml2-devel –y

在编译:

错误:

checking for BZip2 support... yes

checking for BZip2 in default path... notfound

configure: error: Please reinstall theBZip2 distribution

[root@php php-5.6.8]#

[root@php php-5.6.8]#yum install bzip2-devel -y

在编译:

错误:

………………

checking for mcrypt support... yes

configure: error: mcrypt.h not found.Please reinstall libmcrypt.

[root@php php-5.6.8]#

[root@php bao]#tar xf libmcrypt-2.5.6.tar.gz

[root@php bao]#cd libmcrypt-2.5.6

[root@php libmcrypt-2.5.6]#./configure

[root@php libmcrypt-2.5.6]#make

[root@php libmcrypt-2.5.6]#make install

在编译:

[root@php php-5.6.8]#./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php--with-mysql=mysqlnd --with-openssl --with-mysqli=mysqlnd --enable-mbstring--with-freetype-dir --with-jpeg-dir --with-png-dir --with-zlib--with-libxml-dir=/usr --enable-xml--enable-sockets --with-mcrypt--with-config-file-path=/etc --with-config-file-scan-dir=/etc/php.d--with-bz2 --enable-maintainer-zts -enable-fpm -with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd-with-freetype-dir

[root@php php-5.6.8]#make

[root@php php-5.6.8]#make install

安装选项说明:

--prefix=/usr/local/php (安装目录)

--with-openssl (支持openssl功能)

--with-mysql几个选项都要为mysqlnd;因为mysql服务器单独为另一台主机

--enable-mbstring

--with-freetype-dir (支持freetype功能,字体库,引用特定字体)

--with-jpeg-dir (支持jpeg)

--with-png-dir (支持png)

--with-zlib (支持通用压缩库)

--with-libxml-dir=/usr (扩展标记语言,xml库路径位置)

--enable-xml (支持扩展标记语言)

--enable-sockets (套接字)

--with-apxs2=/usr/local/httpd24/bin/apxs替换为--enable-fpm

--with-mcrypt (加密库)

--with-config-file-path=/etc (配置文件位置)

--with-config-file-scan-dir=/etc/php.d (文件php.d目录下也是配置文件一部分)

--with-bz2(压缩)

--enable-maintainer-zts (apahce是prwork模式不需要用,其他需要用)

2、给php提供配置文件:

在php安装程序中,有两个文件叫php.ini-development和php.ini-production:

php.ini-development:开发用的配置文件。

php.ini-production:生产环境用的配置文件。

[root@php ~]#cp /root/bao/php-5.6.8/php.ini-production/etc/php.ini

[root@php ~]#ll -d /etc/php.ini

-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 72369 Jul 9 21:38 /etc/php.ini

[root@php ~]#

3、为php-fpm提供Sysv init脚本:

[root@php ~]#cp /root/bao/php-5.6.8/sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm/etc/init.d/php-fpm

[root@php ~]#chmod +x /etc/init.d/php-fpm

[root@php ~]#chkconfig --add php-fpm

[root@php ~]#chkconfig php-fpm on

[root@php ~]#

4、为php-fpm提供配置文件:

[root@php ~]#cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf

[root@php ~]#

[root@php ~]#vim /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf

235 pm.max_children = 50

240 pm.start_servers = 5

245 pm.min_spare_servers = 2

250 pm.max_spare_servers = 8

26 pid = /usr/local/php/var/run/php-fpm.pid

listen = 192.168.1.219:9000

"/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf"538L, 22836C written

[root@php ~]#

5、启动php-fpm服务:

[root@php ~]#service php-fpm start

Starting php-fpm done

[root@php ~]#netstat -lntp

tcp0 0 127.0.0.1:9000 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN43631/php-fpm

[root@php ~]#

6、到web服务器192.168.1.217上配置httpd,使其能够支持php

[root@http ~]#vim /etc/httpd/httpd.conf

250 <IfModule dir_module>

251DirectoryIndex index.php index.html

252 </IfModule>

让apache能够处理php结尾的页面文件,添加php类型::

380AddType application/x-httpd-php.php

381AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps

查看是否启用proxy_module proxy-fcgi_module等模块:

116 LoadModule proxy_modulemodules/mod_proxy.so

117 LoadModule proxy_connect_modulemodules/mod_proxy_connect.so

118 LoadModule proxy_ftp_modulemodules/mod_proxy_ftp.so

119 LoadModule proxy_http_modulemodules/mod_proxy_http.so

120 LoadModule proxy_fcgi_modulemodules/mod_proxy_fcgi.so

121 LoadModule proxy_scgi_modulemodules/mod_proxy_scgi.so

7、配置虚拟主机,创建虚拟主机目录:

[root@http ~]#vim /etc/httpd/httpd.conf

217 #DocumentRoot"/usr/local/apache/htdocs"

468 # Virtual hosts

469 Include/etc/httpd/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

"/etc/httpd/httpd.conf" 507L,18451C written

[root@http ~]#

[root@http extra]#pwd

/etc/httpd/extra

[root@http extra]#vim httpd-vhosts.conf

<VirtualHost *:80>

DocumentRoot "/www/da.ok/

ServerName www.da.ok

ProxyRequests Off

ProxyPassMatch ^/(.*.php)$ fcgi://192.168.1.219:9000/www/da.ok/$1

<Directory "/www/da.ok">

Options none

AllowOverride none

Require all granted

</Directory>

ErrorLog "/usr/local/apache/logs/da.ok-error_log"

CustomLog "/usr/local/apache/logs/da.ok-access_log" common

</VirtualHost>

"httpd-vhosts.conf" 56L, 1904Cwritten

[root@http extra]#

说明:

ProxyRequests Off:关闭正向代理。

注意:需要分别在wen服务器和PHP主机上创建相关目录:

[root@http ~]#mkdir -pv /www/da.ok

mkdir: created directory `/www'

mkdir: created directory `/www/da.ok'

[root@http ~]#

[root@php ~]#mkdir -pv /www/da.ok

mkdir: created directory `/www'

mkdir: created directory `/www/da.ok'

[root@php da.ok]#pwd

/www/da.ok

[root@php da.ok]#vim index.php

<h1>www.da.ok</h1>

<?php

phpinfo();

?>

[root@php da.ok]#

浏览器访问:192.168.1.217测试。

我们把网页放在192.168.1.219主机上,/www/da/ok下面就可以了,现在当访问192.168.1.217/index.php时,将会通过fcgi协议反向代理到192.168.1.219主机的相应目录下面。

四、配置MySQL整合PHP

授权PHP主机可以访问MySQL(192.168.1.218数据库服务器)

mysql>use mysql;

Database changed

mysql>grant all privileges on *.* to'root'@'192.168.1.219' identified by '123456';

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql>flush privileges;

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql>

测试在php主机上是否可以连接mysql(192.168.1.219PHP服务器上)

[root@php da.ok]#pwd

/www/da.ok

[root@php da.ok]#vim index.php

<h1>www.da.ok</h1>

<?php

$link = mysql_connect('192.168.1.218','root','123456');

if($link)

echo"HaHa..OK!.....";

else

echo "..NO OK!....";

mysql_close;

phpinfo();

?>

"index.php" 18L, 247Cwritten

[root@php da.ok]#

浏览器访问:192.168.1.217,如果显示HaHa..OK!.....,表示成功。

五、为PHP安装xcache加速器以提高性能

[root@php bao]# ll

-rw-r--r--.1 root root 173368 Jul 10 22:04xcache-3.2.0.tar.gz

[root@php bao]#

用phpize生成configure配置文件:

[root@php bao]#tar xf xcache-3.2.0.tar.gz

[root@php bao]#cd xcache-3.2.0

[root@php xcache-3.2.0]#/usr/local/php/bin/phpize

Configuring for:

PHP Api Version: 20131106

Zend Module Api No: 20131226

Zend Extension Api No: 220131226

[root@php xcache-3.2.0]#

[root@php xcache-3.2.0]#

./configure --enable-xcache --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config

[root@php xcache-3.2.0]#make

[root@php xcache-3.2.0]#make install

Installing shared extensions:/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-zts-20131226/

[root@php xcache-3.2.0]#

整合php和xcache,将xcache提供的样例配置导入php.ini,修改extension路径:

[root@php ~]#mkdir /etc/php.d

[root@php ~]#cp /root/bao/xcache-3.2.0/xcache.ini/etc/php.d/

[root@php ~]#vim /etc/php.d/xcache.ini

4 extension =/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-zts-20131226/xcache.so

"/etc/php.d/xcache.ini" 84L,3168C written

[root@php ~]#

重启php-fpm服务:

[root@php ~]#service php-fpm restart

Gracefully shutting down php-fpm . done

Starting php-fpm done

[root@php ~]#

浏览器访问:192.168.1.217

六、利用phpMyAdmin工具测试httpd+php+mysql的连接:

把phpMyAdmin-4.4.4-all-languages.zip包分别下载到web192.168.1.217和PHP192.168.1.219主机上网页目录中:

[root@http bao]#ll

-rw-r--r--.1 root root 9955372 Jul 10 22:20phpMyAdmin-4.4.4-all-languages.zip

[root@http bao]#

web192.168.1.217上:

[root@http bao]#unzip phpMyAdmin-4.4.4-all-languages.zip

[root@http bao]#mv phpMyAdmin-4.4.4-all-languages/www/da.ok/pam

[root@http bao]#cd /www/da.ok/

[root@http da.ok]#ll

drwxr-xr-x. 10 root root 4096 Apr 26 06:45pam

[root@http da.ok]#

PHP192.168.1.219上:

[root@php bao]#unzip phpMyAdmin-4.4.4-all-languages.zip

[root@php bao]#mv phpMyAdmin-4.4.4-all-languages/www/da.ok/pam

[root@php bao]#cd /www/da.ok/

[root@php da.ok]#ll

-rw-r--r--.1 root root 247 Jul 10 21:53index.php

drwxr-xr-x. 10 root root 4096 Apr 26 06:45pam

[root@php da.ok]#

注意:这是两台不同主机;一个Apache;一个PHP,都要有!

需要连接数据库的操作在PHP主机上192.168.1.219上操作,连接数据库:

[root@php pam]#pwd

/www/da.ok/pam

[root@php pam]#cp config.sample.inc.php config.inc.php

[root@php pam]#vim config.inc.php

29 $cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type'] = 'cookie';

30/* Server parameters */

31$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] = '192.168.1.218'; (修改为数据库主机地址,要有权限)

32$cfg['Servers'][$i]['connect_type'] = 'tcp';

33$cfg['Servers'][$i]['compress'] = false;

34$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowNoPassword'] = false;

"config.inc.php" 152L, 4316Cwritten

[root@php pam]#

浏览器登陆测试:http://192.168.1.217/pam/

七、discuz安装

把Discuz_X3.2_SC_UTF8.zip包分别下载到web192.168.1.217和PHP192.168.1.219主机上网页目录中:

[root@http bao]#ll

-rw-r--r--.1 root root 12490656 Jul 10 22:34Discuz_X3.2_SC_UTF8.zip

[root@http bao]#

web192.168.1.217上:

[root@http bao]# unzipDiscuz_X3.2_SC_UTF8.zip

[root@http bao]# mv upload/ /www/da.ok/bbs

[root@http bao]# cd /www/da.ok/

[root@http da.ok]# ll

total 8

drwxr-xr-x. 12 root root 4096 Dec 26 2014 bbs

drwxr-xr-x. 10 root root 4096 Apr 26 06:45pam

[root@http da.ok]#

PHP192.168.1.219上:

[root@php bao]# unzipDiscuz_X3.2_SC_UTF8.zip

[root@php bao]# mv upload/ /www/da.ok/bbs

[root@php bao]# cd /www/da.ok/

[root@php da.ok]# ll

total 12

drwxr-xr-x. 12 root root 4096 Dec 26 2014 bbs

-rw-r--r--.1 root root 247 Jul 10 21:53index.php

drwxr-xr-x. 10 root root 4096 Jul 10 22:29pam

[root@php da.ok]#

在PHP主机上192.168.1.219给安装权限:

[root@php da.ok]# pwd

/www/da.ok

[root@php da.ok]# cd bbs/

[root@php bbs]# chmod -R 777 *

[root@php bbs]#

在数据库主机上192.168.1.218创建数据库:

mysql> create database discudb;

Query OK, 1 row affected (0.02 sec)

mysql>

浏览器安装:

192.168.1.217/bbs

指定数据库服务器:192.168.1.218

数据库名:discudb

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